am Damodara Routray, an undergraduate student from Rajdhani Engineering College, Bhubaneswar. Though I come from a family whose members are not so well educated, I have aspirations of becoming a successful civil engineer, able to serve my country in near future. However, let me admit (shamefacedly) that up till now, I have no knowledge about the much hyped World Wide Web and the use of internet and shall ever remain grateful if someone could help me out in this respect.
OK, young man, this post will walk you through most of the issues related to World Wide Web and internet, while a careful study of it will help you a lot about knowing the intricacies of the Internet, also known as the Information Super Highway.
The internet is a fabulous interconnection of computer networks comprising millions of computing devices that include Desktop computers, mainframes, smartphones, tablets, GPS units, video game consoles and smart devices all connect to the internet. Incidentally, no single organization owns or controls the internet.
Though many people think that the internet and the World Wide Web is the same thing, but in reality they are not. The internet is a huge network of computers all connected together. The World Wide Web (‘www’ or ‘web’ for short) is a collection of WebPages found on this network of computers. Your web browser uses the internet to access the web.
A browser is a free software package or mobile app that lets you view web pages, graphics, and most online content. The most popular web browsers include Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer and Safari, but there are many others. Incidentally, browsers display Web pages, while each Web page has a unique address called URL.
A webpage is what you see in your browser when you are on the internet. Think of the webpage as a page in a magazine. You may see text, photos, images, diagrams, links, advertisements and more on any page you view.
URLs (Uniform Resource Locators) are the web browser addresses of internet pages and files. With a URL, you can locate and bookmark specific pages and files for your web browser. URLs can be found all around us. They may be listed at the bottom of business cards, on TV screens during commercial breaks, linked in documents you read on the internet or delivered by one of the internet search engines.
URLs consist of three parts to address a page or file:
The protocol is the portion ending in //: Most web pages use the protocol http or https, but there are other protocols too.
The host or top-level domain frequently ends in .com, .net, .edu or .org but can also end in one of many others that have been officially recognized.
The filename or page name itself.
HTTP is the short form of “Hypertext Transfer Protocol,” the data communication standard of web pages. When a web page has this prefix, the links, text, and pictures should work properly in your web browser.
HTTPS is the acronym for “Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure.” This indicates that the webpage has a special layer of encryption added to hide your personal information and passwords from others.
HTML or Hypertext Markup Language is the programming language of webpages. HTML commands your web browser to display text and graphics in a specific fashion. Beginning internet users don’t need to know HTML coding to enjoy the webpages the programming language delivers to browsers.
XML is eXtensible Markup Language, a blood-brother of HTML. XML focuses on cataloging and databasing the text content of a web page. However, XHTML is a combination of HTML and XML.
You must know that your computer and every device that connects to the internet uses an Internet Protocol address for identification. In most cases, IP addresses are assigned automatically. Beginners don’t usually need to assign an IP address.
ISP stands for Internet Service Provider. In fact, you need an ISP to get to the internet. You may access a free ISP at school, a library or work, or you may pay a private ISP at home. An ISP is the company or government organization that plugs you into the vast internet.
An ISP offers a variety of services for a variety of prices: web page access, email, web page hosting and so on. Most ISPs offer various internet connection speeds for a monthly fee. You may choose to pay more for high-speed internet connection if you like to stream movies or select a less expensive package if you use the internet mostly for light browsing and email. Since you are from Bhubaneswar, why don’t you get in touch with WEFE Technologies (P) Ltd, the city’s most renowned broadband provider?