Global Reaction Towards The Use Of CCTV Cameras

Global Reaction Towards The Use Of CCTV Cameras

Without getting into the controversies about the advantages and disadvantages relating to the use of surveillance cameras in some of the countries and cities located all over our lonely planet, this blog post unveils the opinions expressed by people inhabiting these places.

What the Americans say about installation of CCTV in the US

“Even though we have no objection to cameras installed at specific high-profile public places that are potential terrorist targets,” says Peter Anderson, PhD student and part time driver of a delivery van in New York City, “the impulse to blanket our public spaces and streets with video surveillance is a bad idea for the following reasons.”

  • Video surveillance has not been proven fully effective – While there is justification for increasing video surveillance against threat of terrorist attacks, suicide attackers are seldom deterred by video cameras. In fact, some of them seem to glorify themselves as being decorated by video footage highlighting their religious fanatic ideas.

Although CCTV cameras are usually deployed to control petty crime, but here also the issue has not been demonstrated fully. “We should have learnt the lesson from Britain where these cameras are extensively used, yet social researchers have found that they have hardly been able to put any control over the issue.  An updated study for the British Home office has revealed that these cameras did not cut crime or even the fear of crime in Britain.

  • CCTV is vulnerable to Abuse – Being so powerful in matters relating to close watching, there is every reason for the system becoming used for other purposes that are not too healthy for a society. It includes both Criminal Abuse as well as Institutional Abuse. As for the former, a glaring example involved a top-ranking police officer in Washington DC(1997) who was caught red handed while using police CCTV footage of license plate numbers of cars parked in front of gay club and then threatening married people with intent to blackmail. As for the latter, there are examples galore. Why; during the Civil Rights movement, Police personnel, armed with CCTV footage of persons who joined in the movement were harassed heavily.

What the Aussies say about installation of CCTV in Australia

“When people talk about the ‘effectiveness’ of CCTV,” says Natasha Mannion, Australian news reporter, “they are really referring to two quite distinct processes – deterrence and detection. Deterrence refers to their preventing a would-be offender from committing a crime. But unfortunately,  studies reveal that these systems are least effective at deterring the crimes that we are most fearful of – interpersonal violence or crimes involving drugs or alcohol.”

Overall, most Aussies believe that the efficacy of CCTV as a crime prevention tool is indeed questionable. What’s more, the government sponsored assessment  of these systems in UK has found that only 1 of 14 systems could produce a reasonable reduction in crime. Simultaneously, a Gold Coast study observed that  they do not prevent any type of offending, but can assist in detecting. Images can no doubt be an effective forensic tool, aiding an investigation, but this particular feature should not be overestimated for all practical purposes.

What Kiwis say about installation of CCTV in New Zealand

New Zealand has gone one step ahead of others in installing and using CCTV in their country. Civic authorities in a Kiwi city have recruited dozens of volunteers to monitor CCTV cameras as part of the fight against crime.

“I am a detail person. I notice things that look suspicious,” said Andrew Dinsdale, an ex-auditor from KPMG (renowned Auditor firm) who is one of the fifty odd volunteers that keep constant watch over Wellington’s inner city CCTV cameras. Dinsdale spends four shifts a month, scanning live monitors  and searching for most wanted criminals as also missing persons, while maintaining records of social issues such as begging and basking, which is illegal in New Zealand. He also takes part in solving crimes or tackling emergencies.

For instance, whenever a fire breaks out, or a dubious drug trade appears on the monitor, Dinsdale immediately picks up the police radio phone to provide all the information to the police patrol car to take instant action.

What the people in the African countries say about CCTV in their areas

“With the ever increasing levels of insecurity, criminality, terrorism, robbery, theft and the like in Kampala and other places in Uganda,” says Modes Rei, a social worker, “we should all restlessly sweep the area for solutions to these unbearable misbehaviors. Fundamental efforts should be directed towards making this beautiful country a better place for all people to live in peacefully and happily without worry and fear of the circumstances and results of these pointed out raising misbehaviors.”

President Yoweri Museveni, while addressing mourners at one of the deceased’s home in Kulambiro, issued a directive to install CCTV cameras in Kampala. In actuality, this is a good idea in curbing down the ill conducts of criminality, terrorism, theft and reckless driving among others.

Installation of CCTV cameras has been found to lower most of the above in studies carried out by International Security Industry Organization but only to some extent. However, this effort needs to be supplemented with other notable efforts and the process of installation has got to be streamlined right away.

Malawai installs CCTV cameras in public hospitals to check rampant drug theft

On receiving threats from the US Ambassador, Virginia Palmer of freezing supply to Malawai with medical drugs and related materials, unless the theft of drugs is not stopped, the government of Malawai has started installing CCTV cameras on war footing with a view to monitoring drug stores in the country

How the people belonging the Land of the Rising Sun reacts to installation of CCTV

Even though the introduction of electronic surveillance technologies is rapid and widespread in Japan, there is scant public opposition to governmental policies attempting to enhance the policing of everyday life through social monitoring techniques. One of the reasons as to  why public opinion shows a ‘reluctant acceptance’ of these policies revolves round the fact that the relationship between the journalistic media and the public is pretty tense. On account of the public’s inherent distrust of the media in most cases, any journalistic criticism of surveillance practices seldom gains adequate support from the public. Consequently, the issue relating to public surveillance poses a serious social turmoil in the minds of Japanese people.


Future applications of broadband vis-à-vis challenges involved in the process

Future applications of broadband vis-à-vis challenges involved in the process

Bandwidth-heavy applications in the not too distant future will be far more comprehensive and multi-tasking, as compared to those that are now available with us. For instance, some of these will involve transferring high-resolution images and videos across multiple users. Also in the air are remote-controlled housekeeping robots that will help people keep their homes spic and span while they are occupied in their profession or day-to-day work (Google Moderator, n.d.) This type of application, incidentally, relies on the concept of Pervasive Computing, also known as ubiquitous computing which is an emerging trend, associated with embedding microprocessors in day-to-day issues, while allowing them to communicate information. Pervasive Computing is also linked with future healthcare and teaching.

Wearable sensors

Wearable sensors will play an important role in collecting and storing physiological and related data, thus helping create a patient’s status monitoring. Sensors to check and observe key issues such as heart rate/ respiratory rate, especially when monitoring patients suffering from congestive heart failure or COPD will prove vitally important both for diagnosis and treatment. As for transmission of messages, wireless communication will be mostly relied upon to transmit patient’s data through a mobile phone as well as an Access point and then relay the information to a remote center via the Internet through high speed broadband. This will prove most beneficial for patients living in isolated areas where healthcare facilities are limited or are difficult to obtain.

Challenges involved in the process

To begin with, the expression challenge may be substituted with confrontation since future broadband applications, apart from its technical issues, also lack in availability and adoption. Even though the problems revolve round worldwide network architecture  and design to a great extent, these are also linked to low-income urban areas, as also rural districts where the residents are either not too familiar with the technology, or feel least interested in its development. Nevertheless, the key issues that supposedly hinder development of future broadband applications are outlined below.

  • Capital shy project – The major hurdle that confronts the project lies in matching investors with entrepreneurs. On one hand entrepreneurs lack the positive force to go ahead with the project, on the other hand investors feel shy about coughing up the money required for broadband application development. On top of that, if any sub-project fails for technical reasons, investors stay away en masse.
  • Apathetic attitude expressed by ISPs- Regrettably enough, Internet Service Providers, instead of showing more interest in development of broadband applications, feel reluctant about it, because they are already very deeply involved with the current form of broadband and are mostly engaged in rate cutting in order to make more money than involving themselves in its future development.
  • Social resistance is yet another crucial factor that has gone against broadband application development. Save and except researchers who are interested in technological developments, professionals such as teachers, doctors, lawyers and company executives seem to be much too happy with what present day broadband offers to them. They also are unwilling to spend any time to experiment with broadband application development matters.

Despite the lackadaisical attitude expressed by ISPs and common broadband users, Broadband application Development cannot be stopped. It’s however, a matter of time when newer applications will eventually replace the old ones, ushering in a faster and more effective method of accessing the Internet.


Issues that are quite relevant but remains unknown to many – Series-I

Issues that are quite relevant but remains unknown to many – Series-I

In today’s world, fiber is making all the difference. This includes fiber’s role in ketogenic diet which is crucial in maintaining a healthy gut, while alleviating many digestive disorders, consisting mostly of fibrous vegetables; Fiber ‘s  aka Fiber Optic’s role in data transmission  that consists of fine shreds of glass or plastic (Optical Fiber) is a decisive factor in carrying data at the highest speed.

Fiber optic also attributes to the technology that involves transmission of data in the form of pulses of light through strands of fiber medium consisting of glass or plastic, as against those sent as electrical pulses via conductive metal such as copper (wire). It , however,  has been proved beyond doubt that the former is much faster than the latter and so has much been used in some of the forms outlined below.

FTTH utilizes Fiber Optic technology to augment communication

FTTH that stands for Fiber to the Home utilizes the newly developed Fiber Optic technology to enhance communication for households all over the world. More precisely, it is a sort of Fiber Optic communication transmission technique where the fiber extends from a central workplace to the boundary of a business premises or home living space. But the best part of the whole thing is that when it reaches its destination, the intending signal is carried all over the area through coaxial cable, wireless or power line communications. Needless to say, the prime benefit  of FTTH revolves round much faster connection speed, as well as better carrying capacity, as compared to conventional Digital Subscriber Line (DSL). Nevertheless, here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of FTTH, as highlighted below

Advantages of FTTH

Internet at the speed of light: It goes without saying that the biggest advantage of FTTH is the higher Internet Speed which is valued by all users. Since Internet now is the key component behind most communications around our lonely planet, its speed matters most, regardless of whether it involves streaming videos or downloading files. Through enhancement of Internet Speed, FTTH has revolutionized the way people stay in touch with each other as also with evolving technologies. What’s more, it has opened up new avenues for people who work from home, a new trend that has gone further ahead of BOD, making employees work faster from home.

Technological benefits:

As because  Fiber Optic cables do not carry electricity, they neither need elaborate grounding arrangements nor are affected by lightening or electric storm. As a result they may be installed anywhere outdoor. This is a great advantage, as compared to other methods of connectivity.

Can be installed anywhere:

As because  Fiber Optic cables do not carry electricity, they neither need elaborate grounding arrangements nor are affected by lightening or electric storm. As a result they may be installed anywhere outdoor. This is a great advantage, as compared to other methods of connectivity.

Applications related to FTTH

Up-and-coming applications on the web are always asking for unprecedented bandwidths, while conventional services are finding it difficult to respond to such demands. New network architecture, however, has been developed to usher in high capacity Optical Fiber  to (or around) homes and business houses. Featuring in this category is Fiber to the Curb, Home (Fttx) solutions developed on Passive Optical Network  or PON that has been found to have gained incredible response among users round the world. However, studies reveal that the factors running behind this unbelievable success are economical price range as well as the removal of bottlenecks in delivering higher bandwidth among users.

Disadvantages of FTTH

While none can deny some of the major advantages that Fiber Optic cables provide for the users, one should also take into account some of its weaker sides. Since the Fiber Optic cable is much thinner and delicate (having fine stretches of glass inside) it faces greater risk of getting damaged by accidental smash up during building renovation or painting.

Instances are also not too rare when FTTH cables have been found to have bitten trough by rodents, thus dislocating the communication. These are also susceptible to radiation damage and exposure to chemicals.

Fiber Optic networks are vulnerable to something technically known as ‘Fiber fuse’, caused when excessive light passes through some flaw in the structure of the cable. Sadly enough, this can ruin large sections of the cable, an issue is not reversible.

Fiber Optic cables do not prove cost effective when laid for short term use because the laying cost does not compensate the running cost, turning the whole thing as unrealistic and fruitless.

Notwithstanding some of its weaknesses, FTTH will dominate the telecommunication arena for years to come, or till something more revolutionary looms large on the horizon. What, however, is important that the structure of the cable becomes tough enough to withstand minor external damages.


Application of Wearable Technology in Video Surveillance

Application of Wearable Technology in Video Surveillance

Even though the history of wearable  devices dates back to the thirteenth century when wearable eyeglasses were invented, and later developed into wearable contact lenses, its progress eventually debuted into more complex technologies, giving rise to Google Glass, that suffered neonatal mortality, prior  to becoming a potential high use devise. Apart from other practical reasons that nipped its sales in the bud, it proved to be potentially harmful to health, emitting carcinogenic radiation close to the head of the wearer in continuous process.

However, this was followed by more fortunate Smartwatches (Apple products) that proved helpful with 1.5 inch display, along with up to 18 hours of battery life.

Nor did the Smartshoe lag behind any further. Digitsole Smartshoe that debuted as traditional footwear with connected sneakers which  integrated wearable technology, thus becoming a huge success.

However, the hottest player in the wearable showground that has recently surfaced is the Body worn video (BWV), also known as Body Camera or Wearable Camera, which essentially is a wearable audio, video, or in other words a photographic recording system hitherto unknown in this limited field.

Although the video proves useful in tracking criminal activities (policing), it also entails recording of social and communal performances, healthcare and medical matters, as well as journalism, especially with journalists who practice photojournalism. Incidentally, the United Nations Information Service provides accreditation and other services for journalists covering events graphically at the headquarters of the UN in Geneva. As a natural corollary, journalists  wearing such body cameras will enjoy more recognition at the UN.

How to Wear a Body Worn Camera

Body worn cameras are usually worn in one of the  three  different areas of the body – straightaway on the torso, in-built into the helmet, or built into the glasses. While some of these feature live streaming facilities, others provide local storage. Meanwhile, The National Criminal Justice Technology Research, Test and Evaluation Center are conducting evaluation on the law abiding factor in regard to the device, as also its optics, audio, GPS involvement and other relevant issues.

Types of Body Worn Cameras

Some of the up and coming companies that have specialized in body worn cameras include AXON, VIEVU and VIDCIE.  While each of these features disparity in design, they are similar in one point, the dimension which is not above 3 inches altogether. The principal type, the AXON brand, incidentally, has the following features that prove helpful for operators.

  • Buffer (pre-event) can capture 30-second video even before activation
  • 12+ hour battery (and record) time
  • 130° wide-angle lens allows incredible field of view
  • Low light recording can capture video as good as human retina
  • Video hashing algorithm guarantee tamper-proof production
  • Configurable video quality and audio recording settings available
  • Fully weather resistant

Use and Applications

Body cameras are primarily used for unprejudiced recording of criminal or violent road scenes for evidence at any later date. For instance, the protest marches against President Donald Trump’s sundry presidential actions had been captured in the form of videos for future analysis and retribution.  . Some of these had culminated in mass movement, while in other cases, actionable conduct such as vandalism and assault on Trump supporters have been recorded with the help of body cameras or bodily worn video cameras. In most cases, the roadside video footage recorded by bodily worn video cameras will tell their own story, uncomplicated or un-doctored.

Complexity and Contradictions

True; body worn video cameras will record criminal offence perpetrated by a person or a group of persons that will work as evidence in a court of law and bring quick justice on the basis of evidence provided by the camera. But at the same time, it will also record when a police officer breaks a rule to arrest an innocent parson merely on his power to act on behalf of the government.

Ina recent case, Seattle Police chief Kathleen O’Toole ordered a review of a police officer who wrongly arrested an elderly black man, an incident for which the department apologized shortly thereafter.

The move comes amid simmering tension in the United States over police treatment of African-Americans, sparked in large part by police killings of unarmed black men in Missouri and New York City sometime ago.

Studies also reveal that body worn video can feature involuntary outcomes. What’s more, enhanced transparency can give rise to over-deterrence. When a police officer understands that his actions are being recorded, he will limit his recording to the minimum – only where he is acting according to the law. Also, we must take into account that video not necessarily can ‘speak for itself’ thus leaving plenty of interpretations. A person thumbing for a lift in the middle of less crowded highway may also be interpreted as one who wants to break the law. “These are major barriers,” quipped New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio, “to fully implement body worn video.”

As it is, surveillance cameras are standing on the cross road where the right to privacy vis-à-vis security to society is threatening to upset the US Constitution. Body worn videos seem to the last straw in creating the final crash. However, it is time to see how this new device receives clemency in a country which is run by government of the people, by the people and for the people.


What a feat ! India has proven again…

What a feat ! India has proven again…

Despite lowered mobile download speed (February 2018), India had improved its position in terms of worldwide mobile broadband ranking – thanks to 4G

According to Speedtest Global Index (that ranks mobile and fixed broadband speed from around the world on monthly basis), worldwide positioning of India in mobile broadband climbed to 109th rank in February 2018, a little higher than the previous month, even though the average mobile download speed went down to 9.01 from 9.14 in January the same year. Simultaneously, the upload speed dropped too from 3.69 Mbps to 3.66 Mbps in February. Incidentally, Norway tops the list with average mobile broadband download speed reaching 62.07 Mbps during the same period.

Secret lies with the deployment of 4G broadband cellular network technology

The secret behind the enhanced ranking achieved by India in mobile broadband speed can be equated to enhancement of mobile internet infrastructure, while the country has been construed as the largest consumer of mobile data worldwide. According to Nokia MBiT Index 2018, the Indian telecom market has evidenced an exemplary change in its data consumption in 2017, while mobile data usage leapt to well over 144% YoY to arrive at 2.360 petabytes (1 PB = 1000000000000000B = 1015bytes) per month (December 2017). However, looking at it from a realistic point of view, 4G contributed to the lion’s share (around 82%) of the overall data traffic during this period for which Reliance Jio may be reckoned as the prime initiator.

“Mobile broadband performance in India shows that 4G emerged as the key driver of mobile data consumption in 2017, capturing 82% of mobile data traffic and growing 135% YoY with the rapid deployment of 4G networks and affordable devices. 3G data grew 286% in 2017, driven by an increased appetite for data consumption and better coverage” says Amit Marwah, head- customer marketing & communication, Nokia India.

Largest mobile broadband provider in India

According to a current statement filed by TRAI, the total number of broadband subscribers that include phones and dongles is above 359.80 million (as of January 31, 2018), thereby recording  4.42% growth, as compared to the previous month. With a whopping 168.39 million users under its wing, Reliance Jio may be considered as the largest mobile broadband provider in the Indian sub continent. Ericsson, meanwhile has gone one step ahead, predicting that Reliance Jio will continue further as India will have 800 million VoLTE (Voice over Long-Term Evolution, which is a standard for high-speed wireless communication for mobile phones and data terminals) subscribers by the end of 2023 with a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) representing 42.5% in course of the period between 2017 and 2023.

China ruled the 4G LTE capable device market in India

The spectacular growth of LTE devices has no doubt given rise to storms in mobile broadband tea cups, as a result of which the base of 4G LTE capable devices grew by fantastic proportions, reaching 218 million, while more than 74% supported VoLTE. From a report posted by CyberMedia Research, we understand that shipments of 4G LTE-enabled (4G LTE is a standard for wireless communication of high speed data for mobile phones and data terminals) smartphones constituted more than 47% of the total mobile handsets sold in the country. Later investigation revealed that the bulk of this inventory consisted of Chinese handsets that were as effective as they were cost effective. Like many other fast selling consumer items, these phones served their purpose as minimum featured smartphones, while the market for  true better quality devices were retained by Samsung, Apple and a few other leaders in the field. However, the Chinese brands comprising Zopo, Meizu,  Oppo seem to have monopolized the Indian smartphone market for quite some time till Indian manufacturers can compete with them..

Fascinating story of Mobile Internet Users in India

While this unique sub continent had registered 481 million Internet Users in December 2017, the figure for 2018 has already reached more than 500 million. If we take into consideration the figures provided by IAMAI (Internet and Mobile Association of India), people living in urban areas comprising an estimated figure running into 295 million that use Internet on regular basis. This represents an increase to the tune of 9.66% (December 2016). As for the rural folk, it tallies around 186 million (December 2017), which reflects an increase by 14.11% (December 2016).

From the statements posted above, it will be evident that both urban and rural India is poised towards a digital world where computers would rule the roost.


How to protect your CCTV from Hackers

Can You Safeguard Your Business Secret From Foreign Hackers?

Your CCTV Camera system can protect your home from burglars; but how about protecting the system from hackers?

In other words, you are asking for policing the police! Though a difficult proposition, it can, however, be managed if you can take the following steps to protect your surveillance system from hackers. Meanwhile, if you are wondering about why the hackers would attempt to hack your system, the reasons are quite simple. Once they can deactivate your system, you and your home will become the playground for hooligans to come and destroy your nest you have so painstakingly built up through all the years. Nevertheless, let us concentrate on the following issues that will help protect your protectors.

  1. Buy your CCTV system only from a reliable source – That’s the issue numero uno so far as safety and source are concerned. When the source is trustworthy, safety is more pronounced. If you are located in Orissa, your best source will be Bhubaneswar based WEFE Technologies P Ltd who will provide you with comprehensive after sales service, an important factor that determines the effectiveness of your home surveillance system. Also, go for a more complex, higher priced system, because these are difficult to hack.
  2. Change your password as often as possible – A surveillance system can be easily accessed by a password. In the event of a stranger accidentally coming to know your password may help a hacker to intrude in your system to create havoc. Changing the password will, to some extent, prevent such happenings. Also, do not encourage friends and relations to access your system, because instances are not rare when passwords are unintentionally divulged by them and picked up by hackers.
  3. Secure your Wi-Fi all time – When you are using the security system at your home then you should protect your internet network with a difficult to pronounce password. Although you may share the password with the intimate members of your family, do not try to do it with others. Password leakage here also spells hacking hazard.
  4. Prefer a dedicated Network than a public WIFI, when accessing your security system from a remote area because CCTV camera hackers are used to accessing public WIFI to gather personal information of their victims and then hack them later.
  5. Buy a CCTV camera with encrypted signals – Ask the WEFE Technologies salesperson to provide you with a security camera featuring more sophisticated signals that can transmit on multiple channels, as also one that cannot be jammed easily. Although hackers can hack or jam any system they intend to do, but it becomes bit difficult for them to perform the task with this type of camera.
  6. Indent an anti-jammer – Ask WEFE Technologies salesperson to provide you with an anti-jammer that will automatically detect ant-jamming signals. It will also let you know of any signal failure that may have been caused by a jamming device.
  7. Go for a wired security system camera because these cameras are not so prone to hacking, as compared to wireless CCTV cameras. Moreover, when your system is wired, very few would be able to access the system.
  8. Always try to keep it updating- You should always focus on updating your security system by upgrading its features as also to enhance its performance. You may, however, receive all help in this matter from your supplier, Bhubaneswar based WEFE Technologies P. Ltd whenever you may need the same. 

5 Key Features To Consider, When Installing A CCTV Security Camera System

5 Key Features To Consider, When Installing A CCTV Security Camera System

While smart city plans of Indian government are underway, on the other hand, escalation of crime rates has brought worry lines to every individual dwelling here. In both the situations, one thing is common— the urgent requirement for video surveillance. However, simply investing in a CCTV camera is not enough, if you are not aware of the essentials that it should encompass. To save you from making blunders, this write-up intends to enlighten you on basic features that a modern CCTV security camera system should contain. Read on, to explore them.

Supports high-definition video recording

Today, even smartphones support HD video recording, then why should we not expect the same from our security cameras? High Definition (HD) indicates a resolution of 1080p, which ensures crystal clear footage, whereby even the smallest of details can be monitored.

Capable of recording footage in low-light conditions

Since crimes mostly occur at night, the CCTV camera that you invest in should be powerful enough to capture recordings in low-light conditions. Best for commercial spaces, such systems either use infrared to record footage or support heat-vision. So for a dimly lit area, this feature should definitely be present.

Records audio

Let’s be practical. A surveillance system that lacks a speaker or a microphone is pointless. This is so because, without it, one would probably feel helpless if such a situation arises, whereby audio is equally important for tracking a burglar.

Provide for a wireless technology

What is the use of HD quality, if the surveillance system lacks wireless technology? Usually, a CCTV camera has a cable attached to it. Since snipping it off can ruin the video feed, a wireless network is a must-have for the modern security camera systems. Such sorts add an extra layer of security to both homes and high-risk locations.

Comes with motion sensors

Another technology, mostly glorified in movies, is a motion sensor. With the incorporation of such a feature, a lot of storage space and internet is saved. Moreover, since it arrives with motion detection, it supports movement tracking. This quality allows the camera to turn and keep the person in its field of view.

A surveillance-free area or the presence of technologically crippled CCTV camera leaves us defenceless. This makes our properties prone to vandalism and a remote area susceptible to crime.

So if you are residing in Odisha and seeking security products like a CCTV camera for indoor or outdoor use, approach WEFE Technology (P) Limited. Renowned as a pioneer in the networking sector, it promises users value for money on purchases of security products.


To help you come across an ideal setup, the factors mentioned in this write-up deserves your special attention. Keep them in mind, the next time you take up responsibility of surveillance in your area, residential complex, office zone or any other place, where it’s deemed necessary.


Can You Safeguard Your Business Secret From Foreign Hackers?

Can You Safeguard Your Business Secret From Foreign Hackers?

A difficult question to answer, in view of cyber espionages conducted by state sponsored foreign hackers to gain access to your business secrets on regular basis. UK intelligence agency GCHQ (Government Communications Headquarters) director Ian Lobban had asserted that the government in his country is targeted by nothing less than 70 sophisticated cyber espionage campaigns every month. “Business secrets are being looted on an “industrial scale”, he told the BBC.

While GCHQ launched campaign sometime ago in the belief that this was going to be matters relating to the defense sector alone, Lobban now confirms that any intellectual property is vulnerable and can be reaped by cyber criminals.

MI5’s (Military Intelligence, UK) head of cyber, who spoke on condition of anonymity, added that “there are now three certainties in life: (1)Death, the most inevitable factor (2)Tax, that has to be paid, even after your death (by your successors) (3)Foreign surveillance on your system   Even though neither MI5 nor GCHQ was willing to spill out the names of persons or the nations who may be blamed for such attacks, Lobban was emphatic that in most cases the attacks were state sponsored.  

The MI5 cyber head, however, elucidated by stating that most hostile foreign states were interested in a company’s mergers and acquisitions activity, their joint venture intentions, and their strategic direction over the next few years – issues both lucrative and well worth an investigation. “Any organization masquerading sensitive or money-spinning data,” he added, was the target.

Steps You May Take to Save Yourself From Cyber Espionage

In order to protect yourself from cyber espionage, you could take the following steps.

  • Make your employees understand the significance of cyber espionage, especially about social engineering attacks, like spear phishing.
  • Know your IP well, so that you may be able gauge the sensitivity of the data you are holding, in terms of value to yourself as well as others. However, this may be achieved by way of carring out a data classification exercise.
  • Check and double check if your systems are patched comprehensively – not merely with Microsoft-related-patches, but also Java, adobe and other application patches, for the simple reason that most invaders use Java, Adobe and additional applications.
  • Make sure that AV (antivirus) is fully updated on all systems practiced by employees, as also identify those that are not covered, so that you may get them covered forthwith.
  • Keep an eye on unusual behavior, which of course may prove to be a difficult task in the absence of a Security Information and Event Management (SIEM software). In the field of computer security, Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) software products and services combine security information management (SIM) and security event management (SEM). They provide real-time analysis of security alerts generated by applications and network hardware.

Always remember that your security is in your own hands. Stay cautious and alert at all times and be on your look out because someone somewhere is trying to hack, while basic security practices mentioned above can protect you from most hacks.


Beware Of Campaigners Before Installing CCTV Camera In Public Places

Beware Of Campaigners Before Installing CCTV Camera In Public Places

In course of the years, people have opposed surveillance, seeing it as an invasion of privacy or a tool to suppress privacy issues. Dyed-in-the-wool campaigners and serious citizens have opposed bugging of phones, identity cards, security cameras, database linking and sundry other types of surveillance. While most of them have lobbied and campaigned against abuses and for legal or procedural restrictions, others have contrived ways of getting around surveillance, though not with much relief.

Had George Orwell been alive today, he would have surely said “I think we’re fighting a losing game, so far as keeping our privacy is concerned”. However, the fact remains that “Big Brother is watching you” wherever you are in Orwell’s dystopian world. The novel’s anti-hero, Winston Smith, has to huddle in the alcove of his living room to avoid the gaze of the “telescreen” which monitors him and every other citizen day and night. Constant surveillance was the keystone of Big Brother’s power.

Running parallel with resistance, we find a good many tough critiques of surveillance that have exposed its damaging impacts, both in terms of personal harm as well as social impairments (e.g. Gandy 1993; Dandeker 1990, Garfinkel 2000, Holtzman 2006; Lyon 1994; Marx 1988, Murray 1993 and many more).

However, such collaborative efforts have now bore fruit. Many countries have ruefully realized the ill effects of nonstop surveillance of innocent citizens, while some are going to ban workplace surveillance. For instance Germany is going to ban most workplace surveillance by way of introducing legislation against unlawful surveillance of lawful workmen (and women).

“Secret surveillance of employees can no longer be permitted in Germany,” said Michael Frieser, an expert on the subject with the conservative Christian Social Union (CSU), the sister party of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU).

Merkel’s coalition has promised more legal certainty over video surveillance for both employers and employees by clearing up existing gray areas. The German parliament, the Bundestag, is scheduled to vote on the legislation by the end of January. Under the legislation, video surveillance must be publicized.

Companies such as the supermarket chain Lidl and the telecommunications giant Deutsche Telekom have sparked incongruity by secretly filming their employees.

While the draft legislation aims to make these incongruities a thing of the past, surveillance of any kind in private areas – such as changing rooms, sleeping areas and restrooms – would be totally banned by the new law.

Why publicized surveillance would be held to strict standards too. Under the legislation, such surveillance could not be used to check the behavior or performance of employees, according to Gisela Piltz of the Free Democratic Party (FDP). 

Controlling CCTV use in the United Kingdom

The DPA (Data Protection Act 1998) in UK is applicable to  all operators of CCTV where the use of the system revolves round the processing of  personal data which will include footage from CCTV cameras of individuals  (such as taking a walk on the side street or moving round their place of work) or  information that relates to them from which they can be identified (such as an  ANPR image of a driver’s car license plate number entering a car park).

Since the purpose of most CCTV is to gather and record  isues in regard to what people are doing, the DPA will apply, save and except where it is only  being used in a home for domestic or household purposes or if the recording is  a personal one captured by their digital camera or smart phone. 

Bottom line

Though legislators in India has so far neglected the importance of privacy issue for its vote casting millions, its time for the world’s largest democracy to initiate legal protection for them. However, in view of the smoldering antagonism against installation of CCTV in and around cities such as Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Sambalpur, etc, it may be prudent to test public opinion first.


Benefits of Installing CCTV Cameras In Temples Are Enormous

Benefits of Installing CCTV Cameras In Temples Are Enormous

A temple is the center of religious activities of the Hindus. It is all the time a crowded place where the rich rub shoulders with the poor, seeking divine grace. But it is also where criminal activities are conducted in the garb of pious endearments. These include pick pocketing, chain snatchings, eve-teasing, molestation and many more. As luck would have it, the incidents occur directly in proportion to the enormity of the deity that rules the place of worship – bigger the name of the temple, higher would the crime rate. And the worst part of the whole story revolves round the difficulty in on the spot detection and retribution for the offender. However, CCTV cameras can now resolve the issue efficiently and well, while the following paragraphs will indicate some of the major benefits of installing surveillance cameras in temples.

  • Ensures safety and security of the devotee – Appropriately focused surveillance cameras installed at strategic places within the temple premises will instantly catch any untoward event taking place within the temple and convey the same to the monitor stationed at the temple administrative office. Taking action thereafter can be a routine job.
  • Controls terrorist activities within temple premises – Terrorists are now targeting schools, colleges, mosques and temples by implanting time bombs secretly wrapped in nondescript jute or hessian bags within such premises that will detonates shortly, killing or maiming hundreds of unsuspecting devotees, thereby creating a reign of terror in the area. But they can not evade the searching eyes of surveillance cameras installed within the temple when such destructive substances can be removed or deactivated by crime control police personnel.
  • Nips criminal activity in the bud-  The mere installation of CCTV camera within the temple premises discourages criminals from extending their activity for fear of instant detection and punishment under appropriate sections of the CRPC. At the same time, it raises the morale of the devotees with the knowledge that the temple is the safe abode of worship of the Almighty.


As many as 78 CCTV cameras are now in operation in the Jagannath temple and its surroundings, said Public Relations Officer of Jagannath Temple, Laxmidhar Pujapanda.(PTI | Bhubaneswar | Published: June 24, 2018 7:39:18 pm)

However, a controversy erupted earlier this month when Puri District Collector Arvind Agarwal observed in a temple management committee meeting that there was no information confirming the availability of the keys that were probably lost due to mismanagement.

Incidentally, twenty-three more close circuit television (CCTVs) cameras would be installed inside the premises of Shree Jagannath Temple in Puri for the safety of devotees, a temple official said Sunday. This was decided at the meeting of the Shree Jagannath temple managing committee yesterday under the chairmanship of Gajapati of Puri Dibyasingha Deb, the official said. The move comes in the wake of the Supreme Court directive to improve management at the 12th century shrine. “There are some uncovered areas in the sprawling temple complex which will now be under CCTV surveillance,” said Chief Administrator of Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA), P K Mohapatra.

>> Surveillance cameras at Bhitara Katha – The Jagannath Temple administration in Puri on Tuesday decided to install CCTV cameras at Bhitara Katha, the final entry point for devotees.

From this point devotees are allowed to have their darshan of Lord Jagannath and the siblings, which is only 30 feet away.

According to Niti administrator of the Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA) Pradeep Das, “The cameras will be installed to monitor movement and activities of servitors and devotees inside the temple.”

However,  the cameras will not record the rituals of the deities. “We will switch off the cameras during the rituals of the Lord. The sole purpose to install the cameras is to monitor the movements of devotees and the servitors. We will also keep a watch on the interactions between devotees and the servitors,” said an official.

Sources said the administration was forced to consider installing two CCTVs after one devotee from Maharashtra had alleged that two servitors had assaulted him on May 2.

The devotee had alleged that his gold pendent was snatched away over payment of dakshina.

Later, Puri police and the temple administration had launched an investigation into the issue and identified the two servitors responsible for the purported attack. The temple administration had, meanwhile suspended servitors – Somnath Mekap and Madan Khuntia, till further order. Sources said this was not the first incident where servitors had misbehaved with the devotees.

Devotees have thanked the administration for deciding to install CCTV cameras.

“We visit religious places across the country. There is discipline everywhere. The same practice should be adhered here. Once the CCTVs are installed, incidents of such misbehaviour with the devotees will come down,” said defense personnel Bikash Kanungo.